How to Decorate Sugar Cookies - Sally's Baking Addiction (2024)

How to Decorate Sugar Cookies - Sally's Baking Addiction (1)

Baking sugar cookies for Christmas? Let me help! Today I’m sharing 5 easy and approachable ways to decorate Christmas cookies. If you’re intimidated or nervous about making royal icing and creating adorably festive Christmas sugar cookies, this post is for you.

Before we begin decorating, let’s review my favorite recipe for sugar cookies. This recipe, pictured below as adorable little hearts, have slightly crisp edges and a nice flat surface for decorating. They have a pronounced vanilla flavor, super soft center, and taste unbelievable on their own. A classic, go-to recipe that every baker should keep in their apron pocket—just like good recipes for pie crust, chocolate cake, and vanilla cupcakes (among many others!).

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Sugar Cookie Dough

Only 7 ingredients: butter, sugar, egg, vanilla, flour, baking powder, salt.

With so little ingredients, it’s important that you use them all because each serves a very important purpose. Creamed butter + sugar makes the base of the cookie dough. This creates a buttery flavored foundation and incorporates air into the cookie dough, creating lighter textured cookies. Egg is the cookie’s structure. Vanilla adds flavor. I also like to add a bit of almond extract to make these sugar cookies taste extra special. It’s optional, but I suggest you try it! Flour is an obvious addition, baking powder adds lift, salt balances the sweet. So many *littleingredients* doing their *bigjobs* to create a beautiful sugar cookie.

You can flavor with different extracts or spices, like cinnamon or pumpkin pie spice. I actually prefer a pinch of cinnamon in them.

The dough is nothing out of the ordinary, but my method is unique.

The Method

This sugar cookie dough needs time in the refrigerator to solidify the butter and to guarantee the cookies hold their shape in the oven. Instead of chilling it as one massive chunk of dough (see above picture in the bowl!), roll the dough out and THEN chill it in the refrigerator.The dough is so much easier to roll out before it’s chilled. To make this even easier for you, divide the dough in 2 then roll it out. It’s much more manageable to work with in smaller portions.

I like to roll the dough out on a silicone baking mat or parchment paper. Why?Since we will chill the rolled out dough in the fridge… are we going to just pick up this rolled out mass of dough? No! Roll out on a nonstick surface that you can literally pick up, put on a baking sheet, and place in the fridge.

A visual:

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I created a separate post for my favorite royal icing. It’s my favorite because it’s easy to work with, tastes great, sets quickly, and doesn’t require raw egg whites. And, best of all, it doesn’t have a hard cement-like texture—it won’t break your teeth like other royal icings. I use it to decorate these Valentine’s Day cookies and watermelon sugar cookies, too.

If royal icing isn’t for you and you still want to bake festive sugar cookies this holiday season, try my pecan sugar cookies, stained glass window cookies or drop style Christmas sugar cookies.

Here is the sugar cookie recipe written out for you. Below the recipe, you can see how to decorate each fun shape pictured today. Any of the piping tips and cookie decorating supplies below would make for great gifts for the baker in your life (or yourself!). For more ideas, be sure to check out my Holiday Baking Gift Guide.


How to Decorate Sugar Cookies - Sally's Baking Addiction (4)

Cookie Cutter Sugar Cookies

5 Stars4 Stars3 Stars2 Stars1 Star4.9 from 7 reviews

  • Author: Sally
  • Prep Time: 2 hours
  • Cook Time: 12 minutes
  • Total Time: 4 hours
  • Yield: 24 (4-inch) cookies
  • Category: Cookies
  • Method: Baking
  • Cuisine: American
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You can make 5 super easy Christmas cookies with this extremely easy sugar cookie dough!


  • 2 and 1/4 cups (281g) all-purpose flour()
  • 1/2 teaspoon baking powder
  • 1/4 teaspoon salt
  • 3/4 cup (12 Tbsp; 170g) unsaltedbutter, softened to room temperature
  • 3/4 cup (150g) granulated sugar
  • 1 large egg, at room temperature
  • 2 teaspoons pure vanilla extract
  • optional for flavor: 1/4 – 1/2 teaspoon almond extract
  • royal icing


  1. Whiskthe flour, baking powder, and salt together in a medium bowl. Set aside.
  2. In a large bowl using a hand mixer or a stand mixer fitted with a paddle attachment, beat the butter and sugar togetheron high speed until completely smooth and creamy, about 2 minutes.Add the egg, vanilla, and almond extract (if using) and beat on high speed until combined, about 1 minute.Scrape down the sides and up the bottom of the bowl and beat again as needed to combine.
  3. Add the dry ingredients to the wet ingredients and mix on low until combined. If the dough seems too soft, you can add 1 Tablespoon more flour until it is a better consistency for rolling.
  4. Divide the dough into 2 equal parts. Roll each portion out onto a piece of parchment paper or a lightly floured silicone baking mat (I prefer the nonstick silicone mat) to about 1/4-inch thickness. The rolled-out dough can be any shape, as long as it is evenly 1/4-inch thick.
  5. Stack the pieces, with parchment paper between the two, onto a baking sheet and refrigerate for at least 1-2 hours and up to 2 days. If chilling for more than a couple hours, cover the top dough piece with asinglepiece of parchment paper.
  6. Once chilled, preheat oven to350°F (177°C). Line 2 large baking sheets with parchment paper or silicone baking mats. Remove one of the dough pieces from the refrigerator andcut into shapes with cookie cutter(s). Re-roll the remaining dough and continue cutting until all is used. Repeat with 2nddough piece.
  7. Arrange cookies on baking sheets 3 inches apart. Bake for 11-12 minutes, until lightly browned around the edges. Make sure you rotate the baking sheet halfway through bake time. Allow cookies to cool on the baking sheet for 5 minutes then transfer to a wire rack to cool completely beforedecorating.I like to decorate cookies directly on baking sheets so I can stick the entire baking sheet in the refrigerator to help set the icing. So place the cooled cookies back on baking sheets.
  8. Decorate with royal icing.
  9. Enjoy cookies right away or wait until the icing sets to serve them. Once the icing has set, these cookies are great for gifting or for sending. Plain or decorated cookies stay soft for about 5 days when covered tightly at room temperature. For longer storage, cover and refrigerate for up to 10 days.


  1. Freezing Instructions:Plain or decorated sugar cookies freeze well up to 3 months. Wait for the icing to set completely before layering between sheets of parchment paper in a freezer-friendly container. To thaw, thaw in the refrigerator or at room temperature. You can also freeze the cookie dough for up to 3 months before rolling it out. Prepare the dough through step 3, divide in half, flatten both halves into a disk as we do withpie crust, wrap each in plastic wrap, then freeze. To thaw, thaw the disks in the refrigerator, then bring to room temperature for about 1 hour. Roll out the dough as directed in step 4, then chill as directed in step 5—no need to chill for 1-2 hours, 45 minutes should be plenty.
  2. Almond Extract: I love flavoring this cookie dough with 1/2 teaspoon almond extract as listed in the ingredients above. For lighter flavor, use 1/4 teaspoon.
  3. Special Tools (affiliate links): Glass Mixing Bowl | Whisk | Electric Mixer (Handheld or Stand) | Baking Sheets | Silicone Baking Mats or Parchment Paper | Rolling Pin or Adjustable Rolling Pin | Holiday Cookie Cutters | Cooling Rack | See my full list of recommended Cookie Decorating Tools for more helpful tools and supplies
  4. Be sure to check out my top 5 cookie baking tips AND these are my 10 must-have cookie baking tools.

Time to Decorate!

Here’s what I’ve learned about decorating sugar cookies: set your expectations appropriately. Start basic and go from there. With each batch, you will improve.

*Use my royal icing recipe.Icing will completely set in about 2 hours at room temperature. If you’re layering royal icing onto cookies for specific designs and need it to set quickly, place cookies in the refrigerator to speed it up.

It’s important to have the correct cookie decorating supplies on hand, too. Here’s what you need for these pictured cookies:

  • Cookie cutters – I love this set. It has a snowflake, gingerbread man, Christmas tree, snowman, and more!
  • Couplers – only needed if you’re using the same icing color, but need to switch tips.
  • Disposable Piping BagsorReusable Piping Bags– I prefer the 16 inch size for decorating.
  • Gel food coloring – get the whole set. I love these colors for royal icing, cake batter, frosting, etc. They’rehigh pigmented so you don’t need as much coloring.
  • round piping tips

I don’t create intricate designs on my cookies because (1) I’m bad at it and (2) my hands are too shaky. I prefer a basic approach and for that, you only need a couple piping tips. I always use Wilton piping tip #4 for outlining and flooding the cookie with icing. This is a wonderful basic piping tip to have in your collection. For any detail, I use a thinner round tip like Wilton piping tip #1 (super thin),Wilton piping tip #2 (a little larger), or Wilton piping tip #3 (a little larger than that).

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1. Christmas Trees

Add 1/2 teaspoon of ground cinnamon to the cookie dough with the dry ingredients. (Optional, but delicious!!) Tint 3/4 of the icing green until you reach your desired shade. With the remaining 1/4 of the icing, tint half brown and the other half red. *Remember, colors always dry darker!

To create three “tiers” on your trees, pipe the center of the Christmas tree with piping tip #5. Allow to set. Pipe the top and bottom of the Christmas tree with piping tip #5. If you have star sprinkles, carefully place one at the top. Allow to set. Pipe the brown tree trunk with piping tip #5. Pipe red dots with piping tip #3.

Not interested in the “tiers”? Just outline and flood the whole tree with piping tip #5. Let that set. Then pipe the tree trunk and red dots on top.

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2. Striped Candy Canes

These are easier than you think, I promise. Tint 1/3 of the icing red until you reach your desired shade. Remember, red icing dries darker—so don’t go overboard with the food coloring. Outline and flood the entire candy cane white with piping tip #5. Before letting that set, pipe diagonal red lines on top with piping tip #3. Run a toothpick around the white edge. The toothpick will drag the red to create the “swirly” look.

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3. Snowman

Gather 3 small bowls. Spoon 1/4 cup of icing into each bowl. Keep the rest of the icing white. Stir red food coloring into 1 bowl until you reach your desired shade. Stir black food coloring into another bowluntil you reach your desired shade. (I find that black always dries darker so stop adding coloring when you reach a dark gray.) Stir orange food coloring into the last bowl until you reach your desired shade.Outline and flood the entire snowmen whitewith piping tip #5. (Leave room for the black hat!) Allow to set. Using this same piping tip, pipe the scarf with red icing on top of the white icing. Using piping tip #1, pipe the hat, eyes, and buttons with black icing. Using this same piping tip, pipe the nose with orange icing.

4. Snowflakes

Using a round piping tip (piping tip #4 or #5 are perfect), pipe a simple snowflake design on the cookie. I placed a big blue sprinkles beadin the center and sprinkledwhite sparkling sugar on top so they look snowy!

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5. Stars

Easiest of the bunch. These are mymaple cinnamon star cookiestopped with the royal icing.Outline and flood the entire star whitewith piping tip #5. Top with sprinkles.

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